Chicago programs aimed at curbing youth violence are diluted by their application to low-income young people in general and should focus on the high-risk minority, a consultant writes. Toni Irving, executive director of Get IN Chicago, cites data linking gun violence to a small percentage of youth with common underlying issues such as a history of abuse and poor school attendance.
A social worker's nonprofit in Washington, D.C., is helping address one downside of the city's use of motels to shelter homeless families: Pools and other common areas are off limits to children. The Homeless Children's Playtime Project arranges the supervised opening of ballrooms and other spaces so that children can play.
A special Texas Senate committee examining ways to curb school violence acknowledged the need for more counseling and mental health care but voiced concerns about funding availability. The panel was formed after a shooting at Santa Fe High School that took 10 lives.
Registered dietitian nutritionist Kate Scarlata says dietitians who specialize in gastrointestional health can play a key role in a gastroenterology practice, providing personalized nutrition interventions to help manage patients' GI symptoms. Dietitians can screen patients for eating disorders, which are associated with GI symptoms, Scarlata says, and add information to the medical history that may not have been divulged during a visit with a gastroenterologist.
A diet high in antioxidants, along with adequate sleep and exercise, may help millennials ensure brain health and reduce their risk of Alzheimer's disease, which can start developing when people are in their 30s, said registered dietitian Brittany Chin Jones. It also is important for younger adults to track blood sugar, cholesterol and blood pressure, Jones said.
Researchers reviewed data for more than 19 million people in 47 studies and found that diabetes was linked to a greater risk of cancer, and the risk is higher among women than men. The review in Diabetologia showed men with diabetes had a 19% greater risk of developing cancer compared with men without diabetes, while women had a 27% increased risk of cancer compared with healthy women.
A South Korean study in Arthritis & Rheumatology found an association between both low and high uric acid levels and an elevated risk of all-cause, cancer and cardiovascular mortality. The findings were based on national health records for 375,163 adults.
Youths ages 3 to 6 who had heightened performance monitoring, or self-critical performance-focused mindset and perfectionist tendencies, had a twofold increased likelihood of developing obsessive compulsive disorder over 12 years, researchers reported in JAMA Psychiatry. MRI scans also associated heightened performance monitoring with reduced volume in the right, but not left, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex.
Four medical schools in Massachusetts will include end-of-life care in the curriculum, teaching students about how to talk with patients about a poor prognosis and advance care planning. Dr. Jennifer Reidy, who teaches at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and is chief of palliative care at UMass Memorial Medical Center, said palliative care can be part of any practice, and training about palliative care can benefit the whole care team, including nurses, social workers, chaplains and pharmacists.
Society and the US health care system have come a long way toward improving end-of-life care, but there is more to do, Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel of the University of Pennsylvania wrote in a Journal of the American Medical Association editorial. End-of-life care must start earlier and be easier to use, said Emanuel, who wrote the editorial to accompany a study showing more people are dying at home or in hospice with fewer transfers to hospitals in the last month of life.